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Featured species

Text © K. Reißmann, T. Hörren, M. Stern, F. Bötzl and C. Benisch

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04.09.2015
Lamprohiza splendidula (L., 1767)
Lamprohiza splendidula
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The 8 to 10 mm large firefly Lamprohiza splendidula (family Lampyridae) is the only representative of the genus in Germany. In Europe, the genus comprises eight species. It is closely related to the holarctic genus Phausis, which may be paraphyletic. Lamprohiza splendidula is known to occur in Central and Southern Europe, from France to Russia, in the South to Greece. The eurytopic species lives on meadows, at the edges of forests and in gardens. The males swarm at dusk and glow. The females sitting in the grass respond to the males signals by glowing. After mating and oviposition the short-lived adults die soon of starvation. The larva is predaceous and feeds on small snails and slugs that are killed with a poisonous bite. The larval development takes 3 years. Lamprohiza splendidula is common throughout Germany and is not endangered. (CB)


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