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  Order Coleoptera      Superfamily Histeroidea 41,746  
  Hydrophilidae

Histeridae (clown beetles)

Silphidae  
The clown beetles (Histe­ridae) comprises very small (1 mm), but also medium-sized (20 mm) species. Worldwide, about 4000 species have been described, 85 are known to occur in Germany. Most of them are carnivorous und actively hunt other insects and their larvae. They are often found on carrion, dung, under bark, in nests of mammals and birds. Some species are associated with ants (myrmecophilic) and can be found in ant nests. The shortened elytra leave the last two tergites uncovered. When threatened many clown beetles play dead (thanathosis). In doing so, the legs and antennae are retracted in special hollows on the lower side of the body.
World: 3900 Europe: 314 Germany: 85 (80) collected: 33 fraction (%): 39 (41)

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1 - 1.8 mm
Plegaderus caesus
1 - 1.5 mm
Plegaderus dissectus
1 - 1.5 mm
Abraeus perpusillus
0.9 - 1 mm
Acritus minutus
0.9 - 1 mm
Aeletes atomarius
3.5 - 5.5 mm
Saprinus semistriatus
2.5 - 3.5 mm
Hypocaccus rugifrons
3 - 4 mm
Hypocaccus rugiceps
2.8 - 3.2 mm
Dendrophilus punctatus
2 - 2.5 mm
Carcinops pumilio
1.5 - 2.2 mm
Paromalus flavicornis
1.6 - 2.5 mm
Paromalus parallelepipedus
8 - 9 mm
Hololepta plana
2 - 2.5 mm
Onthophilus striatus
3 - 3.5 mm
Platysoma compressum
2.5 - 3 mm
Platysoma elongatum
2.5 - 3 mm
Platysoma angustatum
3 - 4 mm
Eblisia minor
3 - 5.5 mm
Margarinotus obscurus
4 - 5 mm
Margarinotus purpurascens
3.5 - 5.5 mm
Margarinotus carbonarius
5 - 7.5 mm
Margarinotus ignobilis
5 - 7 mm
Margarinotus striola
6 - 7 mm
Margarinotus merdarius
6 - 8.5 mm
Margarinotus brunneus
4.5 - 5 mm
Margarinotus marginatus
7 - 11 mm
Hister quadrimaculatus
7 - 10 mm
Hister unicolor
3 - 5 mm
Hister bissexstriatus
3.6 - 5 mm
Atholus bimaculatus
4 - 5 mm
Atholus duodecimstriatus
3.5 - 4.5 mm
Atholus corvinus
1.5 - 2 mm
Hetaerius ferrugineus


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