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Beetle fauna of Germany © 2007–2017 Christoph Benisch
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  Order Coleoptera      Superfamily Tenebrionoidea 37,354  
  Anthicidae

Meloidae (blister beetles)

Rhipiphoridae  
The blister beetles (Meloidae) are medium-sized to large beetle, which exhibit a pronounced sexual dimorphism. The species are thermophilic, they are found on flowers or in the grass. Their humor contains the poisonous cantharidine. When alarmed, the beetles can also actively excrete their toxic humor. As cantharidine purportedly acts as an aphrodisiac in humans, the "Spanish fly" Lytta vesicatoria had been subject to trade and consumption since the antiquity. However, the difference between effective and deadly dose is very slight. The ancient Roman commander and gourmet Lucullus e.g. died of a drink of Spanish fly, which was intended to revitalize his virility. The blister beetles are a speciose family with more than 2500 species in 120 genera worldwide, thereof 13 have been recorded from Germany. Their larval development is very complicated (hypermetamorphosis as parasite in the nests of solitary bees).
World: 2500 Europe: 210 Germany: 19 collected: 7 fraction: 37%

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11 - 35 mm
Meloe proscarabaeus ♀
10 - 32 mm
Meloe violaceus ♂
12 - 20 mm
Meloe decorus ♂
6 - 25 mm
Meloe scabriusculus ♀
7 - 22 mm
Meloe rugosus
7 - 8 mm
Stenoria analis
8 - 10 mm
Sitaris muralis ♂


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 Meloidae (blister beetles) – currently missing species (12):
 Mylabris polymorpha
 Mylabris crocata
 Lytta vesicatoria
 Cerocoma muehlfeldi
 Cerocoma schaefferi
 Meloe autumnalis
 Meloe variegatus
 Meloe cicatricosus
 Meloe coriarius
 Meloe hungarus
 Meloe brevicollis
 Apalus bimaculatus
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